WE KNOW ABOUT CATS

Below you will find some hints on how to take care of your cat.

Thinking of a feline companion

Keeping a cat as company at home will be a pleasant experience that will let you learn how to love and take care of him.

Of course, you should bear in mind a series of recommendations that will help you get to know him and better understand his personality and way of life. We can give you some advices on that.

Overall, we can say that all cats share some common traits. However, each individual cat will also develop his own character according to the environment in which he is raised and the contact with people he has.

Even though felines tend to be loners by nature, a domestic cat can be very sociable, to the point of seeking human company, especially those he has grown fond of. But be careful: This does not mean he will leave behind his typical independent spirit because, to be honest, a cat always needs to feel free —otherwise, he will leave home sooner than we can imagine.

They usually tend to be curious, and this motivates them to investigate and explore everything.

This is why you should let him become familiar with what will soon become his new home, so he can feel safe.

Cats also enjoy having plenty of rest. And although at the same time they stay aware of any movement or sound around them, they enjoy lying down in comfortable and warm places.

Finally, we should mention that they have a great capacity of growing fond of people who show them affection. However, a cat is not always willing to love just anyone and it is worth pointing out that he will only show his affection to those who know how to earn it. If you are willing to dedicate some time each day, you will see that a cat is a wonderful choice for a pet, and a fun company. Go ahead!

Sabemos de gatos

Our kitten at home

The moment has come at last to have your cat at home!
A very important thing to do when you adopt a kitten is taking him to the veterinarian. He will perform a general examination to check the cat’s health condition and will give you some general advice on how to take care of your cat.
In order to get along with your cat and, above all, to guarantee his safety, certain considerations should also be taken into account.

Controlling his environment

It is important your cat lives in an environment free of toxic agents. Otherwise, your pet couldget intoxicated if he accidentally consumes these agents. Cleaning products and certain plantscould cause problems, ranging from digestive disorders to death.

Securing windows

If you live in an apartment or in a two-story house, you should secure the windows. You should not forget that cats tend to be curious and restless, and an open window in an upper floor could represent a risk for them.

To keep windows and balconies secured, there are mesh-like enclosures made of different materials. Moreover, they have various systems and are manufactured by professionals.

Protecting your furniture

Scratching walls, rugs and furniture, for example, is a natural and normal behavior for some cats that annoys owners. Cats scratch mainly to leave visual and olfactory marks through the glands in the fleshy parts of their front legs, as well as to remove the old outer husk of their nails and reveal newly grown ones. This results in very sharp claws, as if the cat had sharpened them. To prevent the cat from ruining furniture, the best option is getting a cat scratcher as

soon as possible and leave it in a visible place so the cat can use it. Please remember the cat scratches visible objects, in order to identify them as their own territory.

The longer a cat keeps scratching an object, the harder it will be for him to stop doing it.

Preparing your home for a cat´s arrival can save you time and money. Most important of all, your little kitten will be safe.

Diet

The best choice for your pet’s diet is commercial food. The food we find in veterinary clinics is all food which has gone through a series of stages and testing required for marketing. In addition, a cat’s diet is the key to his health.

We recommend that you feed your cat every day at the same time.

The best way to make sure that your cat enjoys a balanced diet is giving him food that was specifically made for cats, whether canned, dried or semi-dried, as it will contain the essential nutritional values your cat needs.

You must remember that cats should always have plenty of fresh water available, so that they can quench their thirst whenever they need.

The veterinarian

One of the most important things that contribute to your cat’s good health is having a family veterinarian who can help you with every problem your pet may have.

This is particularly important for the cat’s first time at home.

Parasites

Cats must be treated against internal parasites every 3 months, particularly when they are very young and have not been vaccinated yet. This will prevent your pet getting intestinal parasites.

Deworming is performed by administering the medication prescribed by the veterinary —either cream, syrup or pills.

Cats also need protection against external parasites, like fleas and ticks. There is a wide variety of insecticides and acaricides, presented as pipettes, collars, sprays or pills. Ask your veterinarian which product is the best for your pet.

Vaccination

Thanks to their mother’s milk, kittens are immune to diseases. However, they are no longer immune after 8-12 weeks and this is the right moment to take them to the veterinarian.

They are totally vulnerable to parasites. They smell, lick and eat everything that gets in their way, not knowing what it is.

They can even contract one of the most serious viruses, feline leukemia, which may remain asymptomatic. Hence the importance of understanding your cat and watching the changes in his behavior.

 

12 weeks

  • Trivalent
  • Feline leukemia
  • Feline panleukopenia
  • Feline calicivirus
  • Feline rhinotracheitis
  • Pentavalent

 

14 weeks

  • Trivalent
  • Feline leukemia

 

16 weeks

  • Rabies

 

18 weeks

  • Feline infectious peritonitis

 

26 weeks revaccinate for:

  • Feline panleukopenia
  • Feline calicivirus
  • Feline rhinotracheitis
  • Feline infectious peritonitis

 

Annually

  • Rabies
  • Feline leukemia
  • Calicivirus
  • Feline panleukopenia
  • Feline rhinotracheitis
Exercising

When you see your feline friend lying comfortably on the couch, it is hard to imagine there is an athlete hidden in such a relaxed body.

It is important to remember this, since exercise will help your cat keep all his organs in perfect condition, while avoiding problems like overweight.

Cats love stalking, chasing and hunting. So if you make him play in a way that he incorporates those activities, the animal will be happy, healthy and fit.

Grooming

Generally, start by brushing the underside of his neck, since this is the part they enjoy the most. Continue with the chest, back, thighs, forelegs, and finally the tail. This is the most sensitive part, so make sure not to press too hard. After each part, always brush their neck again. This is not necessary, but the cat may like it and it is nice that he can enjoy pleasant sensations.

Depending on the breed of your beloved pet, your cat can have short or long hair, which will require a different kind of brushing:

 

Short hair

  • Use a soft-bristled brush in order not to hurt their skin.
  • Brush with gentle motions.

 

Long hair

  • Use a wide-tooth comb at first, especially with this kind of hair, to untangle any knots.
  • Then use a fine-tooth comb.
  • Use a smaller comb to brush the hair around the face. You can also use a toothbrush.
  • Do not brush near the eyes or whiskers.

 

Brushing your cat helps to prevent knots and tangles, and remove dead hair.

Fleas and ticks

Ticks are external parasites which feed on blood. They attach to the feline’s skin, usually behind the ears, the neck or between the fingers, and they sustain themselves with their host’s blood, increasing their size.

It is not common but cats may have ticks, especially in hot and humid weather if your cat has access to an area with grass or bushes.

If your cat is often outdoors, the use of an external anti-parasite product is recommended to avoid infection. Veterinary clinics have a whole range of products that can be applied in different ways. These products protect cats from ticks and other parasites.

Ask your veterinarian before using any of these products. He will recommend the best product depending on your cat’s size and breed.

Ear care

Regular chekup and cleaning of our pet’s ears are essential to prevent ear infections.

No special product should be used for routine cleaning. Only in case the cat has some repeated discomfort, you should visit the veterinarian to avoid further skin irritation and worsen the problem.

The use of wipes or a wet piece of cotton is recommended to remove dirt in the ears. This cleaning must be done without reaching too deep inside the ear because a cat’s ears are extremely sensitive.

Nail trimming

Cats will get used to having their nails trimmed if this is done since they are young. However, it can be difficult at first. Our advice in these cases is to ask the veterinarian the best way of doing it.

Nail trimming has to be done whenever the cat needs it, usually every two weeks.

Dental care

This will be an easier task if you begin doing it when your cat is still very young, but it can be done to cats of any age. First of all, BE PATIENT. Allow your cat to slowly get used to it, playing or giving it a treat after the session.

You must check his gums are pink. Bright red or pale pink gums are a sign of an illness. Teeth could be a little yellowish. Like humans, this is only a sign of age and does not mean they are ill.

If you have any questions, ask your veterinarian.

Bath

This will be an easier task if you begin doing it when your cat is still very young, but it can be done to cats of any age. First of all, BE PATIENT. Allow your cat to slowly get used to it, playing or giving it a treat after the session.

You must check his gums are pink. Bright red or pale pink gums are a sign of an illness. Teeth could be a little yellowish. Like humans, this is only a sign of age and does not mean they are ill.

If you have any questions, ask your veterinarian.

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